Site Wells Farm, Buffalo
Site Number 46 PU 31
Culture: Fort Ancient
References:

Buffalo Indian Village Site
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Buffalo Indian Village Site
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
Nearest city: Buffalo, West Virginia
Area: 52 acres (21 ha)
Governing body: Private
Added to NRHP:
January 25, 1971
NRHP Reference#: 71000883[1]

The Buffalo archeological site is located nearby Buffalo, Putnam County, West Virginia along the Kanawha River in the USA. The location is a multi-component site having Archaic village (4000-1000 BC), one Middle Woodland village (AD 390-530), and at least two overlapping Fort Ancient villages (AD 1300-1600).[2] The site is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Abstract

The Buffalo (46PU31) Fort Ancient Tradition site is of a phase with several likeness sites of the Clover Complex. As with Clover, the type site, was excavated by the Geological Survey of 1963.[3] Clover Site (46CB40), Buffalo (46PU31) and Rolf Lee (46Ms51) are suspected to be the same population rotating to each location upon resource depletion, firewood and soil (Maslowski). The Buffalo site houses surrounded centralized plaza within the log palisades. At least two different overlapping oval villages were found having more than 40 houses (Hoffman 2010).

Edward V. McMichael (WVU) of the 1963 and 1965 West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey uncovered with his team ceramic, stone, shell, animal bone artifacts along with copper artifacts, glass trade beads. The majority of burials were along side the houses walls rather in a stacked way. A much less number of burials extended beyond the latest village. Dr Michael (WVU) found a few bodies with arrowheads embedded within. This also gives evidence of a culture changing. This very late protohistoric period dated to about 350 B.P.(MicMichael 1968:34,45). The found Buffalo Mask and exotic marine shell gorgets give evidence of contact with the Late Mississippian culture. This Southern Cult or Chiefly Warfare Cult is similar to that of eastern Tennessee and north Georgia region. The earlier temporal village dated before 1550 CE which yielded no pottery made with legs nor lizard effigy on the rims nor exotic crafted artifacts. Although, the pottery was shell tempered and of late found to be worked with corn cob.

Material tradition

As with other phases within the contemporaneous 'Tradition,' local stream mussel shell was used for tools and jewelry. Animal bone and shell attached to prepared tree limbs were also used for hoes in their gardens. Animal bone was shaped for use as tools. These included awls, punches, fish hooks, bone needles, and hide scrapers. Their jewelry included beads, hair pins, pendants, tinklers, and shell gorgets. These were also made of both bone and shell. Gourds from their garden and turtle shell were used for ceremonial rattles.

Burial Orientation
Table 2. Late Prehistoric and Early contact sites showing percentage of burials with heads to the east
Buffalo46PU3184.4% Hanson 1975:23
Rolfe Lee 46MS5173.6% Youse 1965:22
Mount Carbon 46FA7 70.4% Broyles 1973:5-7
Burning Spring Br46KA143 100.0%Pullins et al. 2008:745
Orchard 46MS61 34.6% Broyles 1973:61-67
Parsons Farm46MS7133.3% Broyles 1973: 51-52
Site Pictures: James Griffin letter
Warren K. Moorehead letter
Map
History & Reports: Buffalo Site, Martin and Fetzer

Artifacts from Martin Collection:

0015

Black flint knife 4.75 x 1.625" Surface find Leslie A Martin

0016

crude implement, pointed at both ends, grooved. (kanawha black flint - DHM) 5" long Surface find Well's Farm

0018

pottery leg 1.25" Found by Madge 1933 similar to 0019

0019

pottery fragment 2.25" Similar to 0018, Well's farm by Madge

0021

1.25 x 1.25 hematite celt Found by Leslie Martin on Well's farm

0073

1.5 x 1 hematite celt Gift of Doc Stalnaker

0091

celt 3.375 x1.75 badly weathered - LAM

0100

3.75 x 1.875 black flint celt

0131

1" diameter sandstone disc Found by LAM

0132

1" daimeter sandstone disc Found by LAM

0154

crude sandstone disc 1' daimeter Found by LAM

0163

Hematite cone (hemisphere? - DHM), broken Found by Madge

0164

Hematite plummet crude 1.5 x .625 Found by LAM

0165

full grooved axe, weathered, 5.5 x 4.5 Given bt Mascat Johnson

0294

two holed gorget of lead ore 2" x .75" surface find by Madge

0316

animal tooth bead/pendant - drilled found by LAM at Buffalo

0320

bear claw effigy beads see 0321 found by LAM see 0321

0321

bear claw effigy beads see 0320 Found by LAM at Wells Farm see 0320

0326

Iroqouis style pipe 3.25" x 2.5" Found by Mrs. R.A. White in 1932 on Wells Farm (formerly the Early Farm)

0327

3" long bone cut at both ends ash pit at Wells Farm

0333

bone awl found by LAM campsite at Buffalo - ash pit

0334

bone awl found by LAM campsite at Buffalo - ash pit

0335

bone bead Buffalo campsite

0336

bone flute broken ash pit find

0345

bone awl 4" long found by LAM

0346

bone awl 5.5" long found by LAM ash -pit

0347

bone awl 5.5" long found by LAM ash -pit

0348

bone awl 3.5" long found by LAM ash -pit

0349

bone awl 2.75" long found by LAM ash -pit

0350

knuckle bone bead, (deer phalanges) found by LAM in ash pit

0351

antler point (broken) FOUND BY lam ASH PIT

0352

small claw pendant from Ralph Stutler

0353

large bear claw pendant from Ralph Stutler

0354

effigy(lizard?)pendant 1.875" from Ralph Stutler

0355

effigy bear claw pendant 1.5" Ralph Stutler

0356

Broken half of gorget or pendant, one hole and engraved both sides with "bird man" imagery - 2" x 1.5" from Ralph Stutler

0357

black flint chisel 3.375" long Ralph Stutler

0358

disc 1.875" x 1" raised rim on both sides and drilled in center surface find by Ralph Stutler

0359

small vase shaped hematite pipe 1.3" surface find by Ralph Stutler

0360

hematite plummet 1.675" groove around center from Ralph Stutler

0362

shell mask 2.25" x 2.75" four holes no visible engraving as in "Weeping Eye" motif Obtained from Ralph Stutler. Icon from the "Southern Cult", the "weeping eye" is thought to be a associated with males (Bob Maslowski).

0363

round shell gorget 1.875", with two holes drilled through top and one drilled in between from the edge from Ralph Stutler

0364

antler chisel 4" long found by LAM in ash pit

0365

disc 1.25" with asterix or multiple crosses in one side from Ralph Stutler

0366

bead 1" x .5" from Ralph Stutler

0367

unfinished pipe, probably similar to 0326 from Ralph Stutler

0368

fragment of pipe, similar to 0326 from Ralph Stutler

0369

shell tempered pottery tube, broken 1.75" long (pipe stem)

0370

knife 4.25" long from Ralph Stutler

0382

broken gorget, unfinished, not drilled 3" x 1.5" x .5" thick Surface find on the Well's Farm

0383

pottery disc 1.125" daimeter Surface find Well's Farm

0384

sandstone disc 1" diameter, crude found on Well's Farm

0385

pottery disc .75" diameter Wells Farm

0386

flat black celt 1.375" x 2.75" x .375" thick. Broken cutting edge Surface find Well's Farm

0388

antler arrow point 2.25" long butt end defective found in ash pit at Well's Farm

0389

split bone awl 3.5" long. Tally(?) marks on butt end found in same ash pit as 0388

0390

bone implement 3" long x .75" diameter worked down to form a trough. (beamer ? DHM) found in ash pit on Well's Farm

0391

small bone bead 1.125" x .5" - burnt Ash pit Well's Farm

0392

one of two cannel coal objects - shaped like corn kernels. .25" x 5" x .875" tall. No drilling ash pit find at Well's Farm

0393

see 0392 see 0392

0394

sandstone disc 1" daimeter, crude Surface find Wells' Farm

0397

pitted hammerstone Wells Farm ashpit

0398

pitted hammerstone surface find

0399

grooved sharpening stone surface find

0400

awl, sharpened bone fragment 3.5" ash pit find

0401

pottery disc 1" diameter surface find

0402

bone plug 1.25" surface find

0403

bone bead .75" x .5" ash pit find

0404

bear's tooth pendant, half of longitudanally split whole surface find

0405

drilled tooth pendant 1.24" ash pit find

0406

half of bone bead, highly polished ash pit find

0407

flat stone bar (gorget or pendant?) no holes 3.75" x 1.5" x .375" surface find

0409

shell pendant(?) not drilled 2" x .5" (resembles a claw DHM) marked as catalog number 408

0410

bone bead 1.5" x .1875" ash pit find

0411

bone bead .875" x .1875" ash pit find

0418

antler chisel, flattened at tip on both sides ashpit find

0420

sandstone sharpener surface find

0421

bone plug 1.125" polished ash pit find

0422

bone fish hook 1.5" ash pit find LAM

0423

drilled tooth found by Pap (Pop)on an expedition of Madge, Vernie, Pap, (LAM), Annie and Mikey (dogs)

0427

bone awl 3.75" Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0428

highly polished drilled tooth Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0429

antler plug 1.125" Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0430

small drilled tooth Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0431

small drilled tooth edges marked - broken Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0432

bead stock, bone marked for cutting of beads Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0433

large bone bead like those made from 0432 Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0434

antler tool 6.5" long sharpened to a cutting edge Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered") LAM duplicated the item 434 (see 0434b)

0434b

arrow point 1.5", broken, clearly shows cutting Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered") *note this was a duplicate catalog number (434) by LAM

0435

bone awl 3.5" Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0436

bone awl 5" Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0437

bone awl 4" Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0438

bone awl 4.5" Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0439

bone awl 3.5" Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0440

bone awl 3" Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0441

antler plug 1" found in as pit 10' from ash pit for items 0427-0440

0442

antler plug 1.75" ash pit find

0443

bone fish hook same ash pit as Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0444

bone fish hook same ash pit as Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")
(Now in the collection of Leslie Neal (Susan Martin))

0445

bone bead Same as Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0446

bone bead same as Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0447

shell pendant 2.75" Same location as - Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0448

shell pendant undrilled Same location as - Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0449

small hematite pestle ? 2" x 1" Same location as - Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0450

shell pendant undrilled 2.5" Same location as - Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0451

shell pendant 2.25" engraved one one side Same location as - Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0452

small drilled tooth Same location as - Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0453

antler point 2" long - broken Same location as - Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0454

small tubular bead 1.875" Same location as - Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0455

barrel bead ash pit same as 0456

0456

shell pendant 2.25" found with item 0455

0457

antler plug 1.125" ash pit find

0458

longitudinal half of bone 1.5" long ash pit find with items 427 (similar to 0390)

0459

beaver tooth, ground down so that hollow shows Same location as - Items 0427 through 0440 were all found in a large ash pit on the 12th and 19th(LAM "to date not fully uncovered although an area 6' in diameter has been uncovered")

0460



0470

shell hoe Surface find (possibly one of the above uncataloged shell hoes)

0471

shell hoe Surface find (possibly one of the above uncataloged shell hoes)

0474

bone fish hook found by J.M. Scott 8/1/36 his catalog number Z-6

0475

bone fish hook (no groove or knob - unfinished?) found by J.M. Scott 8/1/36 his catalog number Z-8

0478

shell pendant undrilled 2" found by J.M. Scott 10/24/36. His catalog number B-22

0479

crude unfinished shell pendant ash pit find J. M. Scott. His number B-21

0480

tiny shell pendant .75" J. M. Scott

0481

bone tube 6.75 ' long ash pit find J. M. Scott. His number Z-13

0482

bone awl, "trigger" style ash pit find J. M. Scott (catalog number unreadable - DHM)

0483

bone needle 2.5" long ash pit find

0487

split bone awl 3.5" found by J. M. Scott

0488

sandstone disc 1.25" engraved with 5 radial lines found by Fetzer, Scott's number X-4

0489

bone bead 1.5" J. M. Scott ash pit find. His number B-4

0490

bone bead 1.25" J. M. Scott ash pit find. His number B-6

0491

bone bead 1" J. M. Scott ash pit find. His number B-5

0492

bone bead 1" J. M. Scott ash pit find. His number B-10

0493

bone bead 1" J. M. Scott ash pit find. His number B-23

0494

bone bead .875" J. M. Scott ash pit find. His number B-7

0495

bone bead .75" J. M. Scott ash pit find. His number B-8

0496

unfinished bone bead 1.125" J. M. Scott ash pit find. His number B-9

0497

drilled tooth 1.5" J. M. Scott ash pit find. His numberT-9

0498

drilled tooth, tally marks 1.5" J. M. Scott ash pit find. His number T-6

0499

knuckle bone bead J. M. Scott ash pit find. His numberZ-15

0500

knuckle bone bead J. M. Scott surface find. His numberZ-7

0501

knuckle bone bead J. M. Scott surface find. His number Z-14

0502

pottery disc J. M. Scott ash pit find. His number X-8

0503

antler plug 1.5" J. M. Scott ash pit find. His number Z-4

0504

antler plug 1.5" J. M. Scott ash pit find. His number Z-2

0505

antler plug 1.5" J. M. Scot ash pit find. His number Z-11

0506

antler plug 1.5" J. M. Scott surface find. His number Z-3

0507

celt 1.375" x .5" J. M. Scott ash pit find. His number N-1

0508

tubular bone bead 1.5" J. M. Scott ash pit find. His number B-12

0509

bird bone 1" found by Fetzer in a grave.From J. M. Scott, his number B-1

0510

bone bead 1" J. M. Scott ash pit find. His number B-20

0511

bone bead 1" J. M. Scott ash pit find. His number B-13

0512

bone bead 1" J. M. Scott ash pit find. His number B-19

0513

bone bead 1.25" J. M. Scott ash pit find. His number B-18

0514

bone bead 1.5" J. M. Scott ash pit find. His number B-11

0515

bone pendant, undrilled 2" J. M. Scott ash pit find. His number B-17

0516

bone bead .675" LAM ash pit find

0517

granite celt damaged butt 4" x 2.25" LAM surface find

0518

black stone celt (chisel?) 3.5" LAM surface find

0519

small black stone celt 2" x 1.5" polished bit LAM surface find

0520

sandstone disc 1" LAM surface find

0521

small tubular bone bead 1.375" LAM surface find

0522

knuckle bone bead 1.125" LAM surface find

0523

antler plug 1.25" Oscar Mairs surface find

0524

antler tool drilled end 2.75" long LAM surface find

0525

bone fish hook LAM ash pit find

0526

split bone awl 4" LAM ash pit find (see 0525)

0527

split bone awl 3" LaAM ash pit find (see 0525)

0529

barrel type bone bead LAM ash pit find

0530

barrel type bone bead LAM ash pit find

0531

barrel type bone bead LAM ash pit find (see 0529 - 0530)

0532

effigy head (dog?) broken, probable pipe Madge surface find

0537

double pitted hammerstone 4.5"

0540

drilled tooth LAM ash pit find

0541

bone awl 3.5" LAM ash pit find

0543

bone tool(celt) 7.375" x 1.875" LAM ash pit find 1st entry - "12" below surface under bed of ashes - little else in pit" 2nd entry(?)- "Laying flat about 2' under the surface in an ash pit with shell, ash, and animal bones. Probably a celt. Bit is polished."

0547

bone awl 6" LAM ash pit find

0548

barrel style bone bead .875" LAM ash pit find (see 0547)

0549

barrel style bone bead .875" LAM ash pit find (see 0547)

0550

knuckle bone bead LAM surface find

0551

antler plug 1.25" LAM ash pit find (see0547)

0552

split bone awl fragment LAM ash pit find

0553

split bone awl fragment LAM ash pit find

0620

bone awl

0935

hard (Mohs' 6.5-7.0) green stone (jadeite or nephrite?) celt, broken 1.625" x 2" From the label, it appears to have been a find by John Scott on 8/2/1936 at Site #1 (Buffalo)

9086

Various points and blades from Buffalo not cataloged by LAM

A10

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A11

Grave, J. M. Scott

A16

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A17

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A18

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A19

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A26

Dug up, J. M. Scott

A28

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A29

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A30

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A31

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A32

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A33

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A34

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A35

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A36

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A37

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A38

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A39

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A40

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A41

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A42

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A43

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A44

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A45

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A46

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A47

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A48

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A49

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A50

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A51

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A52

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A53

Dug up, J. M. Scott

A54

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A55

Dug up, J. M. Scott

A56

Dug up, J. M. Scott

A57

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A8

Surface find, J. M. Scott

A9

Surface find, J. M. Scott

B1

bird bone bead Grave find, E.W.F.

B10

bone bead Surface find, J. M. Scott

B11

small bone bead Surface find, J. M. Scott

B12

small bone bead, unfinished Surface find, J. M. Scott

B13

small bone bead, unfinished Surface find, J. M. Scott

B14

small bone bead, broken and unfinished Surface find, J. M. Scott

B15

end of bone from which beads were cut Surface find, J. M. Scott

B16

end of bone from which beads were cut Surface find, J. M. Scott

B17

bone pendant, undrilled Surface find, J. M. Scott

B18

small bone bead Surface find, J. M. Scott

B19

small bone bead, unfinished Surface find, J. M. Scott

B20

small bone bead Surface find, J. M. Scott

B21

shell pendant, unfinished Surface find, J. M. Scott

B22

shell pendant, undrilled Surface find, J. M. Scott

B23

large bone bead Surface find, J. M. Scott

B24

large bone bead, broken Surface find, J. M. Scott

B25

end of bone from which beads were cut Surface find, J. M. Scott

B4

bone bead Surface find, J. M. Scott

B5

bone bead Surface find, J. M. Scott

B6

bone bead Surface find, J. M. Scott

B7

bone bead Surface find, J. M. Scott

B8

bone bead Surface find, J. M. Scott

B9

bone bead cut not ground Surface find, J. M. Scott

B9_1

bone bead 1" J. M. Scott number duplicated B9 but not cataloged by LAM

C10

bone awl Dug up, J. M. Scott

C11

bone awl Dug up, J. M. Scott

C12

bone awl Dug up, J. M. Scott

C5

bone awl Dug up, J. M. Scott

C6

antler chipper Dug up, J. M. Scott

C7

bone awl Dug up, J. M. Scott

C8

antler chipper Dug up, J. M. Scott

C9

bone awl, broken Dug up, J. M. Scott

D4

black flint Dug up, J. M. Scott.

D5

black flint Surface find, J. M. Scott

D6

black flint Surface find, J. M. Scott

D7

black flint Surface find, J. M. Scott

D8

black flint, broken Surface find, J. M. Scott

L2

effigy head (dog or panther), handle of pot Dug up, J. M. Scott.

n1

celt, small Dug up by J. M. Scott.

n3

axe, crude Surface find, J. M. Scott

p1

fish bone pin Found in a grave at the hips of female skeleton by J. M. Scott.

p2

fish bone pin Found in a grave at the hips of female skeleton by J. M. Scott.

p3

fish bone pin Found in a grave at the feet ofskeleton by J. M. Scott.

r3

sandstone hammerstone Surface find, J. M. Scott LAM number 0683

r5

polishing stone Surface find, J. M. Scott

r6

sandstone sharpening stone Dug up by J. M. Scott.

r7

river rock hammerstone Surface find, J. M. Scott

s10

scraper Surface find, J. M. Scott

s3

scraper Surface find, J. M. Scott

s6

scraper Surface find, J. M. Scott

s7

scraper Surface find, J. M. Scott

s8

scraper Surface find, J. M. Scott

s9

scraper Surface find, J. M. Scott

t1

human tooth Dug up by J. M. Scott., taken from woman's grave

t2

human tooth Dug up by J. M. Scott., taken from woman's grave

t3

animal tooth Dug up by J. M. Scott.

t4

animal claw Dug up by J. M. Scott.

t6

animal tooth notched Dug up by J. M. Scott.

t7

animal tooth, drilled, broken Dug up by J. M. Scott.

t8

animal claw Dug up by J. M. Scott.

t9

animal tooth, drilled Dug up by J. M. Scott.

x10

pipe bowl (looks more like a pipe stem - DHM) Surface find, J. M. Scott

x11

pottery sherd Dug up by J. M. Scott.

x12

paint cup Dug up by J. M. Scott.

x13

paint stone Dug up by J. M. Scott.

x14

paint stone Dug up by J. M. Scott.

x15

paint stone Dug up by J. M. Scott.

x4

paint cup Surface find, J. M. Scott

x8

pottery disc Dug up by J. M. Scott.

x9

paint stone Dug up by J. M. Scott.

z1

mussel hoe Surface find, J. M. Scott
(possibly one of the above uncataloged shell hoes)

z10

antler plug, crude Dug up by J. M. Scott.

z11

antler plug Dug up by J. M. Scott.

z12

antler plug Surface find, J. M. Scott

z13

long bone tube, 7" Dug up by J. M. Scott.

z14

bone pipe Surface find, J. M. Scott

z15

bone pipe Dug up by J. M. Scott.

z2

antler plug Dug up by J. M. Scott.

z3

antler plug Surface find, J. M. Scott

z4

antler plug Dug up by J. M. Scott.

z5

mussel hoe Surface find, J. M. Scott
(possibly one of the above uncataloged shell hoes)

z6

bone fish hooks, broken
See LAM catalog number 0422 Dug up by J. M. Scott.

z7

bone pipe Surface find, J. M. Scott

z8

bone fish hook
See LAM catalog number 0475 Dug up by J. M. Scott.